Today, Brussels sprouts are grown mostly in the zone with moderate summer temperatures and warm, long autumn. It is these conditions that correspond to the biological characteristics of this vegetable crop and contribute to a good harvest.
Brussels sprouts is a two-year-old herbaceous crop. Plant height varies from 20 to 60 centimeters.
At the stage of growing seedlings of Brussels sprouts, the plant forms the stem part with long-leaved sprawling whole-marginal leaves.
At the next stage of cultivation in the leaf sinuses, large kidneys are formed - heads of cabbage, which have a round shape. Their mass rarely exceeds 15 grams, and the total yield from each correctly grown plant can be 500 grams.
Brussels sprouts are considered cold-resistant plants and are quite tolerant of short-term frosts up to -6ºС. Setting and high-quality fruit filling requires an optimal temperature background - at the level of 18ºС. At indicators above 25ºС, growth and formation of fruits are slowed down. In connection with the climatic preferences of Brussels sprouts in the country, it should be grown in open-air beds.
To grow a quality crop of Brussels sprouts allows you to properly planted and competent care for this vegetable crop.
Brussels sprouts are best grown in seedlings. Sowing of seeds is carried out in late March or at the very beginning of April. High-quality seedlings are obtained when grown on a glazed balcony or in a heated greenhouse, which helps to ensure the optimum temperature level.
The temperature at night should range from 6 to 8 degrees Celsius, and during the daytime, the temperature should be approximately 20 degrees. Before emergence, the ambient temperature must be maintained at 2 degrees.
The first seedlings appear on the fourth day. Peat-humus planting pots are suitable for planting.
Seedlings need regular watering and feeding with mineral fertilizers. Ventilation of the room where seedlings are grown should be carried out. The pick is carried out one and a half months after sowing the seeds.
Cultivation is made on loamy, rich in organic and deeply cultivated soils. It is necessary to carefully observe agricultural technology for growing Brussels sprouts, including mandatory measures for the care and feeding.
How to grow brussel sprouts
Features of care and feeding cabbage in the garden
Care for Brussels sprouts is not too complicated, but must meet certain requirements:
- The cultivation of Brussels sprouts should be accompanied by the necessary measures for soil preparation in the fall. It is necessary to intensively dig and dig the soil, and then make the necessary amount of organic and mineral fertilizers.
- Autumn application of superphosphate, potassium fertilizer, manure or peat compost has a very good effect on the growth and health of cultivated Brussels sprouts and contributes to a large crop of large and even cabbage.
- Before spring planting, it is required to re-loosen the soil and enrich the soil for planting with urea.
- The formation of planting beds is most conveniently performed after abundant moisture in the soil.
- If it was not possible to perform high-quality fertilizer of the earth during the autumn preparation process, then fertilizers can be added to the holes dug for planting cabbage seedlings.
- When grown in open ground, ridges are formed by the beginning of May, and the holes are arranged according to a 50 x 50 centimeter pattern.
- Brussels sprouts belong to vegetable crops with a long vegetation period, which reaches five months, and it will be justified to plant more mature crops in the aisles, which will already form a crop before fruiting.
- For top dressing, which is carried out no more than once a week, it makes sense to use fertilizers that have the same percentage of phosphorus and nitrogen in the composition.
- Care for Brussels sprouts includes regular watering.
- This type of cabbage has a fairly high shoot and needs to take up hilling activities that provide support to the stem.
- So that the root system receives the air necessary for the full development, soil loosening should be carried out periodically.
- If necessary, weeding is carried out, without which the care of any plant is considered inferior.
- Do not forget about the need to pinch the stem top or remove the top of the outlet one and a half months before harvesting.
After reading the corresponding article on our resource, you can find out how to properly grow Chinese cabbage pak choi.
Diseases and Pests
Caring for Brussels sprouts also requires preventive measures to protect vegetable crops from diseases and pests.
Among the frequent diseases of the culture, the following can be distinguished:
- keel cabbage;
- mucous bacteriosis;
- downy mildew.
Of the pests it is worth fearing:
- cruciferous fleas;
- cabbage flies;
- snails and slugs;
- cabbage scoops and whites.
Therapeutic and preventive measures are similar to control methods effective against pests for other cabbage crops. At the initial stage of a disease or lesion, as well as with a preventive purpose, folk herbal remedies can be used.
Protecting plants helps not only the implementation of all measures for high-quality pre-sowing preparation of the soil and the use of disinfectants after harvesting, but also the observance of crop rotation on the beds.
Brussels sprouts can be grown after green manure, carrots, potatoes, onions, legumes, crops, and cucumbers. It is forbidden to plant culture on ridges where cabbage, beets, tomatoes, turnips, radishes or radishes were grown before. You can return Brussels sprouts to an already used ridge no earlier than four years later. Compliance with this rule will insure the plant from damage by a significant part of pests and diseases common to all cabbage crops.
Harvesting and storage rules
Harvesting of ripened crops is carried out in selective mode and begins in mid-September. At the very beginning, the lower cabbage heads mature and are subject to breaking. Final cleaning is carried out in early November, after steady colds come.
Planting seedlings of Brussels sprouts in open ground
Stems separated from the root system with mature inflorescences can be stored in a cool room for about three months. Individual cabbage heads are subject to immediate processing or freezing.
Brussels sprouts, like any other culture, have cultivation features. Observing them, you will get a wonderful vitamin harvest.