Such a name as “Miracle” cherry is known to few gardeners in our country. However, this variety has a long history and was originally bred in the seventeenth century. It was then that the first hybrid trees appeared, which were the result of random pollination of cherries and cherries, and then were united by a common name Duke or "MayDuck."
Cherry Miracle Cherry
In our country, breeding the first duke belongs to I.V. Michurin. To get a valuable hybrid plant, a scientist with crossing involved cherries of the Belle variety and cherries of the White Winklera variety. The bred hybrid was called "Beauty of the North", which is due to the high frost resistance of the variety.
Initially, the plant was supposed to be cultivated in Western Siberia. However, during the cultivation, it was possible to determine that during significant frosts flower buds freeze out and the plant forms an insufficient amount of yield.
Hybrids of cherries and cherries are characterized by a combination of properties that are inherent in both parent plants, but with a slight predominance of signs of cherry. In particular, dyuka got the shape and color of leaves from cherry, as well as winter hardiness, taste and aroma of ripened berries.
Among the dykes of cherries and cherries, Wonder Cherry has gained the most popularity among gardeners of our country. The variety was bred for cultivation in the southern regions and is characterized by very early and abundant fruiting. The famous Ukrainian breeder and agronomist Liliya Taranenko managed to develop the variety. The variety has incorporated the best qualities of cherries of the Valery Chkalov variety and cherries of the Griot variety.
The peculiarity of the cultivated variety lies in the ability to bookmark flower buds on annual growths, thereby showing early fruiting. The berries of this duke are large and collected in a brush. Mass harvesting can be carried out in the third year after planting. The average yield per tree is about 10 kg. The mass of one berry does not exceed 10 g. The pulp has a pleasant sweet taste with a slight, barely noticeable acidity.
The smooth shoots of the Miracle Cherry are straight and have a dark brown bark. When cultivated in central Russia, where weather conditions differ significantly from the southern regions, flowering is somewhat late and falls on the last decade of June.
The best pollinators for this variety of duke are sweet cherries of varieties:
Advantages and disadvantages
A berry plant like "Miracle Cherry", has a high level of sensitivity to frost, and in too cold winters, freezing of flower buds may be observed, which has a negative effect on fruit set.
The plant is very resistant to a wide range of fungal infections, including diseases dangerous for the cherry, such as monilliosis and coccomycosis. "Miracle Cherry" is practically not affected by such a pest as a cherry fly.
Gardeners should be aware that improper crown formation contributes to the formation of a narrow pyramidal shape, with a characteristic acute angle of branching. In addition, the plant is prone to strong pulling up. To slow down the growth of the duke, pull branches to a horizontal position, which makes it possible to give the plant a hemispherical crown type and slow down the growth rate.
Miracle Cherry: seedlings
Planting a plant
The productivity and durability of a duke will largely depend on how high-quality planting material will be used during planting, as well as on the proper selection and preparation of the site.
The seedling should have a strong and undamaged root system. The roots should be well developed and have a healthy color. The trunk of a healthy seedling should not have any damage.
Preference should be given to planting material with a straight and even trunk with evenly colored bark. The branches should be well formed and not show signs of disease or pest damage. A properly formed seedling has a height of the main shoot of about 60 cm and a branch shortened by a third.
Before planting an acquired seedling, you should carefully approach the issue of choosing a place for planting. Dyukes grow well and bear fruit abundantly in areas open to sunlight, without shading. In addition, the site should not be close to groundwater.
It is not recommended to plant trees in wetlands or lowlands. The best option would be to land in a place protected from strong winds.
The basic landing rules are as follows:
- preparation of a landing hole is made a month before planting a seedling;
- the planting hole should be filled to half with fertile soil, which should be enriched with organic and phosphorus-potash fertilizers;
- the standard distance between seedlings should be about 5 m;
- during planting, the root system of the seedling should be straightened, and the root neck of the plant should be located at the same level with the soil surface.
Subject to all the rules for planting a seedling, in the first five years the plant will not need to carry out measures for fertilizer application.
- Extra care is required to feed the duke with nitrogen-containing fertilizers, which unnecessarily activate the growth of the aerial parts of the hybrid and have a negative effect on the formation of the crop.
- Such plants often get sick and freeze even at insignificant negative temperatures in the winter.
- It is very important to conduct quality and regular irrigation activities. It is especially important to carry out weekly watering immediately after planting a seedling.
- At least fifteen liters of water should be used to water each plant.
- As a rule, caring for miracle cherries is not difficult and consists of carrying out preventive measures to protect against pests and diseases, as well as weeding and loosening the soil in near stem circles.
You may also be interested in an article in which we talk about cherry diseases and how to treat them.
Dukes are characterized by excellent productivity, which makes these plants popular for cultivation in household plots and cottages. Many gardeners already grow dykes in their garden and, to increase productivity, they recommend that one third of young branches be trimmed annually.
How to plant a cherry
Despite the growing popularity, it is not possible to recommend the Miracle Cherry for cultivation in areas characterized by frosty winters. But among gardeners of the southern regions, such trees are very popular and have extremely positive characteristics and reviews.