Making wine is a ritual that goes without grapes. Wine varieties differ in that they have smaller berries, while the juice content in the fruits is very high - up to 80%. The smell of fruit is fragrant, the color is saturated, tasteful.
Feature of wine grape varieties
These varieties are used directly to create wine and juices. Despite the fact that their taste is average, there is something that makes the technical fruits in demand. These are two distinguishing features:
- a small amount of pulp in the fruit,
- high juice content in them and a small mass of berries.
How to make wine
The best raw materials for wine production are grapes. It is inexpensive, and the final product is excellent. Most grape musts are sweet, but sugar is still used to make the drink.
White wine manufacturing technology
The production of the drink can be carried out from red, white and pink varieties. Berries should have a high sugar content and medium acidity.
The production process itself includes several stages:
- good fruits are picked without damage and rot;
- juice is squeezed out of them;
- waiting time until the juice settles;
- sulfur dioxide is introduced into the juice - 1 gram per 10 liters;
- fermentation of the drink occurs;
- at the end of fermentation, the wine is separated from the yeast;
- liquid sedimentation and sediment removal are performed;
The technology of making rose wine
The production technology of the product is not simple. In this case, it is important not to allow the color of the drink to become saturated, and to prevent the oxidation of wine. As raw materials for the preparation, pink, red and white grapes are taken.
Red varieties can be:
- with colored juice - Odessa Black (Odesskiy chernyy)Saperavi (Saperavi);
- with unpainted juice - Cabernet Sauvignon (Cabernet Sauvignon)Mattress (Matrasa).
Among the features of production, it is worth highlighting that the extraction should be carried out extremely carefully, so that twigs and bones do not penetrate into the wort. After wringing in the wort, to ensure a pink tint, the skin of the fruit is left for 3-4 hours. Then it is removed and the technology of making white wine is repeated.
Red wine production technology
The drink is made from black and dark red varieties - Merlot (Merlot), Cabernet, Saperavi. Anthocyanins, the substances contained in the skin of the fruit, give color to the finished product. The manufacturing process is characterized in that the seeds from the berries should not be removed during crushing.
A crushed mixture of grapes, their skin and seeds is called a pulp. Ferment is added to it, consisting of wine yeast in a ratio of 2% of the total mass. Then the resulting mixture is stirred and placed in a container for fermentation. The container itself is covered with a sheet of plywood.
In the process of making wine, the wort should be mixed periodically. Active fermentation should go within 3 days. If everything is done correctly, by the end of fermentation the wort will acquire a rich red color and grape aroma. If there is no such result, the pulp should be left to ferment for a few more days. Then it is separated from the wort, wine is squeezed and mixed with must. The resulting drink is bottled in a container and left for a couple of months to acquire a good taste.
Popular grape varieties for white wine
The aroma, taste and color of the wine directly depend on the variety and type of grape from which it is prepared. Not only the characteristics of the berries are important, but also what the care of the vine was like.
|Grade name||The main characteristics of the variety and the drink from it||Berry quality|
|Furmint||The Hungarian variety, from which quality dessert and table wines are made, drinks are obtained strong 16-degree, the color of the wine is golden||The average sugar content of berries is about 20% per 100 ml, juice - 78%, acidity - 8.1 g / l|
|Sauvignon||Used to create table wine, the percentage of alcohol in the drink is 13%, the aroma of the drink is similar to the flavor of gooseberries||Juice content in fruits - 77%, fruit peel is dense, sugar content - 18% per 100 ml, acidity - from 6.4 g / l|
|Muscat||It is used for the production of quality dessert wines, the smell is grape||The grapes are round, medium in size, the flesh is tender, the sugar content is up to 30%|
|Riesling||Moody variety, ripens for a long time, Riesling wines can be stored for a long time, the aroma of the drink is orange, green apple, fried bread||The berries are medium, round, white-greenish, the skin is thin, the flesh is sweet, the taste is harmonious|
|Pinot Blanc||Used to create table wine, the taste of the drink has a touch of apple, wine is produced in Italy and France||The berries are round, greenish, have a pleasant taste, the acid content in the fruits is low.|
|Chardonnay||From the Chardonnay variety, wine is produced in America, Russia, and France. The taste of the drink is pleasant, with a touch of apple, pear, vanilla||Fruits are small, roundish, greenish-yellow, few seeds|
|Valentina (Valentina)||Used to create table wine, the taste of the drink is harmonious with a hint of sage, there is a scent of muscat||Grapes are large, elongated, golden, tender flesh, few seeds|
We also offer you to learn about the features of growing grapes in a greenhouse.
The best grape varieties for red wine
A variety of varieties are suitable for creating red wine. Their fruits vary in taste and some other characteristics.
The main characteristics of the variety and the drink from it
|Pinot noir||Grown in Burgundy, France and Switzerland, the wine does not lend itself to blending, and the quality of berries depends on weather conditions, the aroma of the drink is floral or coffee||High acidity, average tannin content, medium-sized berries, round, juicy pulp|
|Cabernet Sauvignon||It is one of the most popular in the world; the taste is tart, full, heavy wine, vanilla or fruity aroma||Fruits are round, dark blue, medium in size, juicy pulp, seed content - from 1 to 3 pcs.|
|Zinfandel||Croatian, actively used in California for making wines, the aroma of a drink is floral or fruity||The acidity and content of tannins in fruits is high, sugar content is 30%, ripening is uneven|
|Sangiovese||Italian grape variety is used to create various wines, the aroma of the drink is sweet, vanilla, the taste has a bouquet of currants, plums, coffee||The acidity is high, the content of tannins is average, the ripening of berries is later, the skin of the fruits is thin|
|Syrah||It is actively used for making red wines, grown in Chile, Argentina, France, wines from the Syrah variety are saturated, the aroma is currant, plum, black pepper||The tannin content in the fruits is high, the fruit yield is low, the ripening period is medium|
|Tempranillo||The Spanish grape variety is grown in the Pyrenees, the taste profile of the drink obtained from the grape is neutral, the aroma is cherry, plum, tobacco||Acidity varies, the average tannin content, the berries are small, the sugar content is low|
|Merlot||A common grape variety to create red wine, grown in France, the drink turns dark purple, the aroma of the wine is fruity||Ripen quickly, the content of tannins is high, the pulp is juicy, the skin is durable|
Grapes to create brandy
Cognac is a strong alcoholic drink that is made on the basis of ethyl alcohol and grapes. The technology for creating a drink is directly related to viticulture. To create cognac, various varieties of culture are used.
|Name of grape variety||Features of the variety and the drink from it||Characteristics of berries|
|Aligote||French, used as cognac material, the taste of brandy obtained from the Aligote variety, soft, color - with a straw tint||Ripening early, the shape of the fruit is round, the color is greenish, the flesh is juicy|
|Uni Blanc||The Italian variety used to create brandy, the drink is light and easy to taste.||Medium, round, white, firm skin, fleshy flesh|
|Colombard||French variety used to create Borderian cognac with a great aroma and normal acidity||White, round, medium size, dense skin, juicy pulp|
|Folle Blanche||The first grape variety used to create cognac, the drink is soft and aromatic, the variety is used to create drinks by such well-known houses as Tesseron and Leopold Gourmel||Medium, rounded, greenish, waxy coating present|
|Semillon||A white variety actively used to create cognac as a blend.||The skin is thin, the flesh is melting, the shape is round, the sizes are medium, the color is golden|
Grapes - the main raw material component involved in the creation of wines and cognacs. But to get the finished product, you should familiarize yourself with the technology of its creation and choose the right kind of culture. This is the only way to create a delicious and high-quality alcoholic drink with your own hands.