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Royal geranium or royal pelargonium is one of the most popular indoor plants to date. Unlike other varieties of geraniums, royal pelargonium is less capricious and more unpretentious in leaving. She has large, attractive flowers, thanks to which she won the love of not only professional gardeners, but also novice lovers of indoor plants.
In the process of growing royal geraniums can cause some problems to the lover of indoor plants, since it requires careful attention and proper care. King geraniums may not bloom for a long time and will not give buds.
The birthplace of royal geraniums is South America, in whose territory the climate is quite humid and sultry. That is why it is much easier to multiply and bloom royal pelargonium with high humidity and in the absence of exposure to ultraviolet rays. Particular attention should be paid to regular, high-quality watering of the plant. Watering the royal pelargonium is necessary constantly, but in moderation. In the summer months, you should water the king geranium in the morning, as early as possible (preferably up to 9 hours), and immediately after sunset. With the onset of winter, watering should be reduced to 1 time per day. For 1 time you need to use no more than 50 ml of water per plant. The ground should be slightly moist, but not too wet. With excessive watering, the roots of a houseplant will gradually decay, infections that interfere with the flowering of geraniums can join.
Description of royal geranium and its varieties
Royal geranium is presented in several different varieties. Over time, the latest varieties of pelargonium continue to appear with an unusually beautiful color of flowers. As a rule, the most common are terry royal pelargonium, which have a bright unusual color of the petals.
In an apartment, royal geranium can grow to a height of about 70 cm. It does not make sense to grow a higher geranium, because the buds are located only at the top of the growth point. If pelargonium grows to 1 m, then its decorative properties will be completely lost. Nevertheless, in the garden you can try to grow a 1.5-meter bush, which is better used as a background for small plants. Pelargonium buds can have magnificent red, snow-white, violet, yellowish, orange and pinkish shades. The royal geranium blooms for more than six months. The flowering period of the plant falls at the beginning of spring.
Unusual chic of royal geraniums give bud inflorescences, which can reach a height of 20 cm. This indicator can be achieved only with proper care. Most often, the inflorescences have a diameter not exceeding 15 cm. A distinctive feature of the royal pelargonium is the presence of a small dark oval-shaped spot located in the central part of each of the petals. By structure, the flowers of royal geraniums can be double or ordinary. The leaves of the plant are round or oval in shape, with a rough surface. Their color directly depends on the state of pelargonium. Healthy indoor plants have bright emerald foliage, tightly covering the trunk and shoots of pelargonium.
At the end of the 18th century, the first royal pelargonium was introduced into Europe. Breeders liked this unusual flower, and they took up its reproduction. There is a large number of various varieties of royal pelargonium for any, even the most demanding, taste. For example, a pelargonium variety called PinkMikado is distinguished by small bushes, beautiful leaves of a deep green hue and a light pubescence of the stem. The color of the plant's petals ranges from pale pink to deep salmon. At the core of the flower is a small round spot, which is a hallmark of the royal pelargonium.
AristoSchoko geranium variety has an unusual bright red color of the petals. In the center of each flower there is a saturated spot, roundish in shape, painted in a deep red shade.
For those gardeners who prefer exotic species of indoor plants, it is worth paying attention to such a variety of royal pelargonium as Barkarole. The flowers of this plant have a very attractive colorful coloring. A particular refinement and unusualness of this sort of pelargonium is given by the fringing of each petal, which has a silvery shimmer. On the buds there is also a fringing, which perfectly combines with saturated orange, yellow, snow-white and pinkish petals. Such a harmonious combination gives pelargonium an unusually beautiful appearance. This variety is most often used as a decorative flower, decorating them with an office or apartment interior.
For those who prefer classic plants in which calm shades prevail, the Imperial variety is best suited. This royal pelargonium variety has delicate beige hues with pinkish bright spots in the center.
Plant care and cultivation
Competent and timely care for the royal pelargonium is able in the first year of the plant's life to help form a regular, strong bush. In the second year of life, under the same condition, royal pelargonium will please the grower with magnificent lush buds.
For starters, immediately after acquiring a plant, he needs to provide the right place to plant. It should be borne in mind that royal geranium does not tolerate drafts, too dry air and direct exposure to ultraviolet rays. Pelargonium is also contraindicated in high fever and excessive watering.
The best place to grow this indoor plant will be a window located in an apartment in the east or north, under which there is a battery. In this case, the window should not be used to ventilate the room in the winter or autumn months. In spring and summer, royal geraniums will feel great on a glazed balcony. When the first frosts appear, it is necessary to bring pelargonium into a warm room.
In the spring and summer months, 25ºС will be a suitable temperature for growing royal geraniums, and in the winter and autumn it is not advisable to raise the temperature above + 20ºС.
An important role is played by proper fit. It is best to plant royal pelargonium in pots made of ceramics that maintain the required temperature and ensure proper air distribution. There must be a hole in the pot through which excess moisture will escape. At the bottom of the pot you need to pour out drainage, for example expanded clay, and pour earth with a significant content of organic matter into the pot. You can add 25 g of nitrogen fertilizer in order to provide the necessary nutrition to the plant. After planting, the royal geranium should be kept for about 14 days in a place that is not exposed to direct sunlight, and watered twice a day.
Another mandatory rule that the grower must write in his diary: the royal pelargonium needs careful examinations to detect dark spots or the slightest damage, indicating the presence of a bacterial or fungal infection. If such signs are found, it is necessary to thoroughly clean the root system of the earth, rinse under water and place it in a weak manganese solution for a couple of days. Affected areas found on the plant must be cleaned and removed.
Royal pelargonium is not recommended to be transplanted more than 1 time in 3 years. It should be remembered that the plant transplant is extremely difficult, so it is advisable not to transplant it.
It is necessary to feed this plant in a timely manner in order to ensure proper care and reproduction. In the spring and summer periods you need to make fertilizers with the content of minerals, 1 time in 7 days. It is desirable that potassium prevails in it. In autumn and winter, it is advisable to make fertilizers with a nitrogen content of once every 30 days.
Royal Pelargonium requires pruning for lush flowering. First, prince geraniums need to be trimmed when the stems of the indoor plant reach a height of 15 cm. All tops must be cut to 2 cm. The next pruning will be needed only after the shoots located on the side grow to a height of 5 cm. This time, it is advisable to trim the tops by only 1 cm.
Pruning and care
Propagation by cuttings
Propagate royal pelargonium at home is easiest cuttings. But this does not mean that such a method of reproduction is the only one. Pelargonium can be propagated by seed. When choosing this method, it is necessary to sow in the beginning of February in loose soil to a depth of about 5 mm. Watering is necessary if necessary, and dive in the phase of the appearance of the first leaves of seedlings.
Pelargonium can be propagated by cuttings only if the grower already has an adult indoor plant. In the spring or autumn months, 10-centimeter cuttings need to be cut off at the flower with a sharp knife. After cutting, it is necessary to remove the 2 lower leaves, and put the cuttings in water at room temperature for about 10 days until the roots appear.
After the roots have appeared, you can begin to root the cuttings in light soil in a container of small diameter. It is possible to transplant a houseplant to a permanent place only after a couple of months after rooting.
To make the royal geranium better rooted, it is necessary to prepare a special mixture. It is necessary to add the same amount of building sand to the soil. The mixture must be poured with boiling water. A strong manganese solution is also suitable for disinfection. After that, you can plant a plant in this mixture after waiting a couple of days.
After rooting, the tops begin to grow, which after a while must be cut off by 1 cm to stimulate the growth of shoots located on the sides.