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Stonecrop - a plant of many species for planting in the country


Stonecrop is quite common and has many modified varieties. Today we will tell you about this plant, the conditions of its normal growth and methods of growing.

Stonecrop, Fever Grass, Hernial Grass, Sedumwho did not name the plant, numbering more than 500 species around the planet. Apparently, precisely because of the huge number of mutated colors, which sometimes are not even similar to each other, so different names appeared.

Stonecrop is widely distributed in Europe, Asia, Mexico, and North America., but in smaller quantities it can be found almost everywhere where there is a territory for growth, a temperate climate and bright sunshine.

Sedum is a rather interesting plant, which, in its various species, can be almost unrecognizable. This is a succulent, sometimes a one- or biennial plant, often a herbaceous perennial, and in some cases, even a shrub. It has a set of regular leaves, whorled or opposite, which are collected in rounded or flat rosettes, serrated at the edges. Blossoming is umbrella-shaped, a little less often - single, color - absolutely various. Many winter-hardy varieties are known, but there are those whose cultivation is possible only at home.

Sedum cultivation

Location on the site

Stonecrop is quite photophilous, with the exception of a few species, but it is calmly put up with a slight shadow. In sunlight, plants take an interesting, “tanned” look and each leaf becomes brighter and more juicy. Under shading conditions, sedums bloom poorly and grow, sometimes losing their appearance to impossibility. Do not forget that with such a large number of species, there may also be those to which reverse measures should be applied in general. Stonecrops are resistant to drought, but do not tolerate autumn leaf fall, as they have no strength in the spring to break through it to the surface. Every five years they should be transplanted to another place.

Stonecrop: varieties and care

Soil for sedum

Any of the species is quite unpretentious to the soil and can grow even on a stone basis, but if you decide to grow stonecrops at home or in a summer cottage, then the soil should be fertilized with a small amount of compost or humus. About loosening or dryness of the soil, you can not worry much. Many stonecrops live on sandy soils, in rocky terrain, on limestones, and even on forest edges, interspersed with pine needles on the ground ... As you can see, the plant will survive in any conditions. But again, we hasten to remind you that if you start a cultivated sedum in the country, then he will still need care.

Landing care

Let's start with the winter period. Many types of sedum calmly tolerate winter, but if they are slightly covered, that is, insulated, this will not hurt them. In the spring, the plants are unlikely to have a salable appearance and from their surface will require the collection of leaves, weeds and debris that accumulated during the cold season.

It is imperative to monitor the degeneration of the culture, which can occur in the third year of planting, but on average it is about 5-6 years. Plants will need to be transplanted to a new place. Planting is always worth a little rejuvenation, pruning old shoots, planting young cuttings on the place of “fall”. At this point, new plants in the “carpet” will need light fertilizer. Some varieties require pruning blooms if you want to maintain a smooth landscape.

If the plant takes a place in a flower bed or in a rock garden, it should be fertilized at the beginning and end of the season, since because of the many neighbors, the stonecrops do not have time to get enough of the elements necessary for growth and life.

Since sedum weakly competes with any weeds, it requires frequent weeding of the soil around. However, there are varieties, such as sedum, which eradicates weeds around itself without problems, therefore it is very suitable for edging alpine slides and various flower beds.

Watering plantings should be very moderate, that is, practically not watering, unless in the case when the summer is too hot or during a transplant.

Constantly you need to monitor the shoots, which are better to cut, until they have grown, it is also necessary to cut dried inflorescences and leaves, which only clog the "carpet" and spoil its appearance. Most often this happens in early spring and autumn.

Stonecrop propagation

Sometimes a plant transplant is simply necessary, this happens when the stonecrops degenerate in a certain place. Propagation is possible by seeds, cuttings and division of the bush.

Seed propagation

Sowing of seeds occurs in autumn or spring in small boxes, which are preferably placed in a greenhouse. The shoots of stonecrops are quite small, so when the first few leaves appear, they are immediately dived into the ground. A young plant can give color only in the second or third year. With propagation by seeds, one should be very careful, because, growing on one site, several varieties can independently hybridize and give completely unpredictable offspring, therefore this method is used mainly in breeding.

Cuttings

Apparently, the easiest and fastest way to breed sedum. Any shoot or leaf that is in contact with the ground is capable of rooting, so be prepared for the fact that if, when pruning, you drop several parts of the plant on the ground, they will not disappear, but will germinate. There are times when parts of stonecrops are carried by birds or rodents and the plant appears in the place where you never wanted to grow it. But what is most interesting, if you plant stonecrops in the ground in such a way as they grow themselves, you can find in a few days only rotten remains. The right decision when planting will be the development of the territory, with full cleaning and harvesting of weeds, level and compaction of the soil. Next, you need to carefully place the cuttings in the garden bed and sprinkle them with a layer of garden soil diluted with sand, and lightly tamp. The survival rate of cuttings is measured by an indicator of 70-100%, depending on the soil, its nutrition, moisture and the correctness of subsequent care.

Propagation by dividends

Some species are propagated by dividing the rhizome. They dig a plant in early spring, clear the rhizome from the soil and divide it so that both parts and roots remain on each part. Sections must be treated with fungicide and dried up the delenka several hours before planting, always in a cool place.

Diseases and Pests

Stonecrops tolerate many diseases quite steadilyhowever, there are species that suffer from caterpillars and sawflies. In this case, the plant should be treated with appropriate preparations, as well as to lure the pests from the plants onto a cabbage leaf or salad and destroy. Stonecrops can also be affected by a fungal infection, this occurs in wet weather and in high humidity. The infection appears stained on the stems and leaves. Affected shoots should be cut and burned on time. Aphids are sometimes found, from which planting is possible with the help of insecticides. It is advisable to use preparations intended for the treatment of currants, they do not burn leaves. Culture is also affected by weevils, which can be eliminated with the help of “night hunting”. Under the plant in the dark, white cloth or paper spreads, and the pests simply brush off the plant.

Variety of species

In the world there are more than five hundred species of this plant and many more self-hybridized. We will not describe each of the species, for obvious reasons, but simply list those that the most popular and famous in our country.

  • Sedum prominent - the plant is erect, whose growth reaches 60 cm in height. The leaves are fleshy, light green, flowers of all kinds of shades of pink;
  • Sedum Telefium - a beautiful, undersized plant with unusual pink or red flowers and dark purple leaves;
  • Sedum Ruby Shine - a hybrid of two types of stonecrop, tenacious and rocky, with purple leaves and umbrella flowering burgundy;
  • Stonecrop of Adolf - abundant, branched shrub with thick, fleshy and fairly strong leaves of a flat-rounded shape. Blooming white, hemispherical, lateral, reaches a length of 12-13 cm;
  • Scroll of Siebold - a beautiful, grassy perennial with roundish, light green and slightly red leaves at the edges. Most often used as an indoor culture;
  • Compact sedum - perennial with strong stems and leaves, oblong-ovate, gray-green. Blooms in mid-summer with white flowers with a strong aroma;
  • Stonecrop Linear - a herbaceous, perennial plant that is capable of forming a dense turf, creeping, quickly rooting, with leaves of a light green hue. Umbrella flowering, yellowish;
  • Sedum Steel - height not more than 20 cm, a shrub with low-branched shoots, oblong leaves, ovoid shape, color from red to brown. Leafy peduncle, fairly branched, paniculate inflorescence, yellow.

Stonecrop prominent

To date, these varieties are the most popular in the European region. We recommend that readers of our site take a closer look at this wonderful plant and choose exactly the species that will soon appear on your site.


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