You can form a garden for a long time, plant flowers and shrubs, lay lawns and create small architectural forms to decorate a certain landscape design style, but all this work will remain incomplete until conifers appear on your site. Let us consider at least one example of conifers, which will perfectly fit into the design of each garden - cypress.
Cypress - a representative of the genus of coniferous monoecious evergreen plants belonging to the cypress family. The genus represents seven main species and several hundred selection varieties. In vivo, it is most often found in East Asia and North America, but it feels normal in Europe. The crown of the tree is conical, with long outstretched or drooping branches. The trunk is covered with a brownish or brownish-brown bark, which is small scales. Leaves densely pressed, pointed, green, yellowish-green, dark green or even bluish-smoky color. Fruits are cones that reach 12 mm in diameter and are ready to produce mature seeds in the first year of planting. Depending on the species, the cypress can reach 70 m in height.
Tree should be planted in partial shade. If you chose forms with yellow leaves for planting, try to choose a sunny place for them. Experts do not recommend planting a coniferous plant in the lowlands, where cold air can linger. When planting on the site, try to maintain a certain distance between plants, from 1 to 4 m. Landing should occur in rich soil. You can mix it from sand, peat, leafy soil and humus, in a ratio of 2: 1: 2: 3. The plant prefers light, moist soil, is very poorly related to heavy clay soils and avoids calcareous.
Cypress Elwoodi lands in a special landing pit, the depth of which is 70-100 cm. The bottom of the pit should be equipped with drainage from broken bricks and sand. During planting, mineral fertilizers, approximately 5-6 kg of peat compost, thoroughly mixed with ordinary soil, are required to be introduced into the pit.
The cypress tree needs proper care. Although coniferous and can grow in the wild, with the use of some fertilizers and proper watering, it feels much better. In spring, it is required to fertilize the earth with a complex fertilizer, for example, Kemira, at the rate of 100-150 g per square meter of planting. Sprinkle it near the trunk circles. After this, the soil should be loosened and watered. Cypress is also sensitive to moisture and likes timely watering, at least 8 liters of water at a time. The norm can be increased in a dry climate. Experts recommend spraying the plant, which should be carried out once a week. Young trees should be shaded and sprayed additionally, since high temperatures are detrimental to them. The soil around is mulched with wood chips or peat, scattering a layer of up to 7 cm on the surface of the soil. After mulching, watering can be done a little less often, only if the top layer of mulch dries.
In the spring, the removal of broken and dry branches that interfere with the development and thicken the plant is required. If necessary, you can give the cypress form.
Pruning occurs only in early spring. At the same time, try to carefully inspect the tree. If its bark is cracked, it must be pulled and pressed to the trunk, if there are obvious bare parts and the cypress dries up, it is worth lubricating the affected areas with garden var.
Diseases and Pests
Growing a cypress is a rather complicated process, so you should constantly ensure that it is not spoiled by pests and plant diseases. Coniferous can be affected by a scab and a spider mite. Classic drugs should be used against them. Of the diseases, root rot is most common, which affects the root system with excessive moisture stagnation. In this situation, only a transfer to a new place will be relevant. During transplantation, it is advisable to prune diseased roots. If most of the root system is affected, then the destruction of the plant is recommended.
Read more about coniferous diseases here: “Diseases of coniferous plants: shute, rust diseases, prevention.”
Cypress propagation occurs in three ways - cuttings, layering and seeds. When planting seeds, use stratification, which greatly increases germination. If you work with decorative forms, then they multiply vegetatively. Root well when grafted. Cuttings must be prepared in the following way - cut them from the tops, remove the needles from the bottom and plant them in special flower pots filled with a light substrate. It is recommended to create a greenhouse effect, which significantly increases the rate of rooting. For this, pots with cuttings are covered with polyethylene. You can get young plants and using layering. This happens by the standard method - the shoots are carefully bent to the surface of the soil, instilled at the level of the kidneys and make an oblique incision. Roots soon form at this place. To prevent the incision from closing, a pebble, a piece of bark, and so on can be inserted into it. After fixing the shoot and sprinkling it with soil, the top of the shoot should be tied to a peg. After the formation of the roots, layers must be separated from the main plant and planted in the right place.
In fact, the forms of cypress trees are very decorative, so they are easily suitable for any garden or summer cottage. Experts recommend planting trees in small groups, several plants, or one at a time. Cypress trees are often used to decorate parks, gardens, greenhouses, but can also be grown in container culture.
Vegetative propagation of cypress
Types of cypress
There are many species of cypress trees in the world. Here are some of them:
- Lavson, pea;
- Elwoody, dumb;
- Nana, indoor;
- Yvonne, Lavson Snow White;
- Filifera, Formosan;
- Boulevard, mourning;
- columnaris, ericoid;
- green, thuiform;
- snow white;
This is just a small list of several hundred species and varieties bred worldwide for decorative use. Now a little more about the most popular and common types of cypress:
- Lavson's cypress - a fairly high coniferous tree, which easily reaches a height of 60-70 m. Narrow-conical, with a crown expanding in the lower part. Due to its high height and weight, the tree most often leans to one side. It has a thick, reddish-brown, slightly cracked bark and shiny greenish or even bright green needles. Lavson's cypress is a very beautiful conifer, but rarely used in the landscape due to poor frost resistance. The plant can often be found in regions with a mild climate, where it is widely used to decorate alleys, parks, forest stands;
- Pea cypress - a beautiful coniferous tree with horizontally spread branches reaching a height of 30 m. The bark of the plant breaks up into strips, reddish-brown. The needles are dark green from the top, and light smoky or even whitish on the underside. Leaves are saber, oblate. The plant has many varieties that grow well in mild climates. Thanks to the fruitful work of breeders, pea cypress has multiple uses;
- Nutkansky cypress - coniferous tree with very slow growth, which can reach 40 m in height. It has a conical, dense and very elegant crown, which can slightly lean towards the ground. The bark is lamellar, dark brown or even grayish in color, and the needles are dark green. The tree is very photophilous and, unlike many other varieties, frost-resistant. It freezes only in the most severe winters. Decorative in single or small plantings, often used in parks and landscape arrangement in large areas;
- Cypress dumb. A wonderful ornamental plant, which is very popular among landscape designers. The species is winter-hardy, but requires special protection, especially in the first years of planting. Prefers bright places with fertile soil. It can reach a height of 30 m, has a conical, dense crown. The bark is smooth, brown or reddish brown. Branches hanging, thick, compressed. The needles are shiny, yellowish-green or bright green.
As you can see, there are many types of cypress trees that are happy to settle on your site. It is only worth always remembering the proper care of coniferous plants and their mandatory protection in the winter.